- Maxisorb 96-well plate
- Goat anti-mouse IgG, unconjugated
- Goat anti-rabbit IgG, peroxidase conjugated
- Specific monoclonal mouse antibody as capture antibody
- Specific polyclonal rabbit antibody as detector antibody
- Protease inhibitors (suggested: 1 mM PMSF, 1 µg/ml Aprotinin, 1.5 µM Pepstatin A)
- Microplate absorbance reader with filters at 450 nm and a reference wavelength (e.g. 620 - 650 nm)
- Coating buffer: 0.1 M Na-carbonate, pH 9.6 (store 0.5 M stock at -20°C)
- Blocking buffer A: 1% tryptone/peptone from casein (TP) in 0.1 M Na-carbonate, pH 9.6
- Washing buffer: Tris-buffered saline (TBS) with 0.05% Tween 20 (TBST)
- Solubilization buffer A: 10% sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) in PBS
- Solubilization buffer B: 1.2% Triton X-100 in PBS
- Antigen buffer A: 0.2% Triton X-100/0.05% TP in TBS
- Antigen buffer B: 0.05% TP in TBS
- Blocking buffer B: 0.5% TP/0.5% BSA/0.5% gelatin in TBST
- Substrate solution: Tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) reagent for development
- Stop solution: 0.25 M H2SO4 to stop development
- Coat 96-well microplate with 100 µl goat anti-mouse IgG (1 µg/ml) in coating buffer and incubate for 3 h at RT and 700 rpm.
- Block the surface with blocking buffer A for 1 h at RT and 700 rpm.
- Wash the plate three times with washing buffer (at least 5 min per wash) and transfer them to 4°C.
- Apply monoclonal capture antibody diluted in washing buffer and incubate overnight at 4°C. Dilute ascites 1 : 4000, purified antibody 1 : 2000 (50 - 75 ng/well).
- Antigen solubilization: Adjust protein standard and samples to 3 mg/ml total protein and a final SDS concentration of 1.2% with solubilization buffer A and rotate 15 min at RT. Add 5 volumes of ice-cold solubilization buffer B to each sample and rotate 15 min at 4°C. Pellet the insoluble fraction at 100,000 x g for 30 min (acceptable alternative: 13,000 rpm for 30 min at 4°C in a tabletop centrifuge) and transfer the supernatant to a new tube. Dilute the supernatant in antigen buffer B to 0.2% Triton concentration.
Note: If complete tissue samples are used, DNase should be added as 0.1 µg/µl together with protease inhibitors, and SDS should be added as last component after mixing everything else.
- Wash the plate once with washing buffer, twice with antigen buffer A at RT.
- Apply antigen diluted in antigen buffer A and incubate for 2 h at RT and 700 rpm.
- Wash twice with antigen buffer A, once with blocking buffer B.
- Incubate with blocking buffer B for 30 min at RT.
- Apply polyclonal detector antibody diluted in blocking buffer B (dilution 1 : 1000 up to 1 : 8000) and incubate for 1 h at RT and 700 rpm.
- Wash three times with blocking buffer B.
- Incubate with HRP-coupled goat anti-rabbit antibody, diluted 1 : 10,000 in blocking buffer B, for 1 h at RT and 700 rpm.
- Wash three times with washing buffer.
- Add 100 µl substrate buffer for development.
- Stop the reaction after 30 min with 100 µl stop solution and read the absorbance at 450 nm (ref: 620 - 650 nm).
Geumann C, Grønborg M, Hellwig M, Martens H & Jahn R (2010). A sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the quantification of insoluble membrane and scaffold proteins. Analytical Biochemistry 402: 161-9.